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Despite subsidy cuts, EV sales zoom 41% in FY24; penetration at 6.8%

The e2W category contributed around 60 per cent in the overall EV sales

electric vehicle

Nitin Kumar New Delhi

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Electric vehicle (EV) sales this financial year (FY24) witnessed a robust increase of over 41 per cent, notwithstanding the subsidy cuts and regulatory shifts.

Total EV registrations in FY24 surpassed 1.6 million, which is significantly higher than last year’s 1.1 million.

All this has pushed the overall EV penetration in the country in FY24 to 6.8 per cent against 5.3 per cent in FY23.
The uptick was despite the government's decision in June to reduce subsidies under the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing Electric Vehicles (FAME) to a third of the maximum Rs 66,000 subsidy it was offering on electric two-wheelers (e2Ws).

Following the government’s decision to cap the maximum subsidy for e2Ws at Rs 22,500 apiece, sales saw a sharp decline. This fall was over 35 per cent in June, dropping from an all-time high of 158,000 seen in May.
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Moreover, the Centre also replaced the FAME Phase-II scheme with a new one — the Electric Mobility Promotion Scheme (EMPS), 2024. This is to promote the sale of e2Ws and e3Ws in the country with effect from April 1, 2024.

chart


In FY24, the e3W category demonstrated significant market penetration, achieving a 48.9 per cent share.

However, despite having the highest EV penetration within this category, it fell short of the FY23 figure of 51.6 per cent. This was primarily due to the increased overall sales of three-wheelers.

Industry executives said the shift towards more electric vehicles is mainly driven by growth of charging infrastructure and focus on electrifying public transport.

This change has also been influenced by a flurry of product launches by startups in the electric two and three-wheeler spaces. It is also because of an increased availability of vehicles in the four-wheeler category. e2Ws contributed around 60 per cent in the overall EV sales.
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Despite passenger cars demonstrating the lowest penetration across all categories, their penetration doubled in FY24, rising to 2.3 per cent from 1.3 per cent in FY23. Additionally, in the two-wheeler category, penetration increased to 5.4 per cent in FY24 compared to 4.4 per cent in FY23.
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Category FY24 Vehicle registered EV registered EV penetration (in %) FY23 Vehicle registered EV registered EV penetration (in %)
Two-wheelers 16,929,101 911,008 5.4 15,405,276 682,938 4.4
Three-wheelers 1,165,682 570,299 48.9 779,475 402,106 51.6
Passenger cars 3,881,026 90,031 2.3 3,598,552 47,349 1.3
Buses 57,846 3,516 6.1 34,377 2,006 5.8
Overall 24,598,780 1,675,700 6.8 22,317,791 1,183,347 5.3

*Nos don't include data from Telangana and Lakshadweep; Source: VAHAN
*Overall registration include data of other categories of vehciles, too

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First Published: Apr 02 2024 | 6:54 PM IST

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